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Average Electricity Bill in Australia 2021: Gas and Electricity Prices by State

Average Electricity Bill

Knowing how your energy usage and costs compare to other Australian households can help you manage your electricity and gas to lower your energy bills. Discover how your households average electricity and gas costs compare to the rest of the country, as well as ways to be below average, by reading more below.


  • Australian energy price essentials
  • The average electricity bill across Australia is $1,876
  • Victoria enjoys some of the cheapest electricity bills at $1,132
  • The ACT has some of the highest electricity bills at $1,967

Average Electricity Bill in Australia -  by State (2020/2021)

Energy bill calculator

The average cost of electricity in Australia varies drastically from state to state. While residents of New South Wales and Victoria enjoy some of the lowest electricity costs in the country, those living in the Australian Capital Territory, and South Australia have some of the highest electricity costs.

Despite the recent trend of increasing electricity costs across the country, new reports from the AEMC show that in the next few years, electricity prices should be reducing within the National Electricity Market as the government attempts to tackle inflating energy costs.

Below, you can find a breakdown of the average annual electricity bill for Australians state-by-state. These numbers are based on three-year trends reported by the AEMC in their Annual Electricity Price Trend Report for 2019.

Average annual electricity bill in Australia 2020/2021
State Average electricity bill
Sydney, New South Wales
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$1,292 / year
Canberra, Australia Capital Territory
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$1,967 / year
Melbourne, Victoria
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$1,132 / year
Brisbane, South-East Queensland
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$1,334 / year
Adelaide, South Australia
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$1,884 / year
Perth, Western Australia
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$1,831 / year
Hobart, Tasmania
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$1,673 / year

Source: AEMC Annual Electricity Price Trend Report 2020. Tasmania report from the Tasmania Government Economic Regulator 2020 Report based on a medium-usage customer with a total consumption of 5,781kWh per year on Tariff 31 & Tariff 41 with no concessions. 

Average Electricity Bill Sydney (NSW)

While the average electricity bill in Sydney, NSW is $1292 per year, there are plenty of NSW energy offers and plans that can reduce your bill even more. Below you can find the three cheapest electricity plans in Sydney, based on the reference price.

Cheapest electricity providers - Sydney, NSW
Provider & plan Average annual bill Discover more
ReAmped Energy - ReAmped Advanced $954 See more ReAmped Energy offers
Powershop - $100 Offer $1,040 See more Powershop offers
Mojo Power - All Day Breakfast $1,041 See more Mojo Power offers

*Source: Individual providers' websites. Based on the distribution network for the city. Valid September 2021

Average Electricity Bill Canberra (ACT)

The average electricity bill in Canberra is $1,967 per year but comparing and switching to a cheaper provider can save you more. Below are the top three cheapest energy providers in Canberra, based on prices within the EvoEnergy distribution network.

Cheapest electricity providers - Canberra, ACT
Provider & plan Average annual bill Discover more
ReAmped Energy - Advance $1,297 See more ReAmped Energy offers
Elysian Energy - Power Maximiser $1,317 See more Elysian Energy offers
Radian Energy - Grid to Go $1,328 Compare more ACT energy providers

*Source: Individual providers' websites. Based on the distribution network for the city. Valid September 2021

Average Electricity Bill Melbourne (VIC)

According to the AEMC, the average electricity bill in Melbourne is around $1,132 per year. However, this does not mean you can’t pay less if you live in Victoria. Below you will find the three cheapest electricity plans based on the reference price for Melbourne, Victoria.

Cheapest electricity providers - Melbourne, Vic
Provider & plan Average annual bill Discover more
ReAmped Energy - Handshake $956 See more ReAmped Energy offers
GloBird Energy - GloSave $959 See more GloBird Energy offers
Powershop - $200 Offer $968 See more Powershop offers

*Source: Individual providers' websites. Based on the distribution network for the city. Valid September 2021

Average Electricity Bill Brisbane (QLD)

The AEMC states that the average electricity bill for Brisbane is $1,334 per year, but there are plenty of providers who offer cheap electricity rates so you can pay less. Below are the three cheapest electricity plans and providers in Brisbane, based on the reference price for the city.

Cheapest electricity providers - Brisbane, Qld
Provider & plan Average annual bill Discover more
ReAmped Energy - ReAmped Advance $1,072 See more ReAmped Energy offers
Powerdirect - Rate Saver $1,176 Compare more Qld energy providers
Powershop - $100 Offer $1,182 See more Powershop offers

*Source: Individual providers' websites. Based on the distribution network for the city. Valid September 2021

Average Electricity Bill Adelaide (SA)

Residents of Adelaide, South Australia might be paying some of the highest electricity prices in the country, with the average electricity bill in Adelaide being $1,884 per year, but with a little comparing, there are many providers in NSW that offer cheaper electricity rates. Below you can find the top three cheapest energy plans in Adelaide based on the reference price.

Cheapest electricity providers - Adelaide, SA
Provider & plan Average annual bill Discover more
Elysian Energy - Power Maximiser $1,180 See more Elysian Energy offers
ReAmped Energy - ReAmped Advance $1,283 See more ReAmped Energy offers
Discover Energy - Smart Saver $1,287 Compare more SA energy providers

*Source: Individual providers' websites. Based on the distribution network for the city. Valid September 2021

Average Electricity Bill Perth (WA)

Unlike most of the rest of Australia, those who live in Western Australia don’t have the ability to switch electricity providers due to the nature of the market. With the average electricity bill in Perth reported at $1,831 according to the AEMC, Western Australians pay some of the highest electricity costs in the country. If you’re looking to reduce your electricity bill in Perth, implementing energy-saving techniques can help you to reduce your bill.

Average Electricity Bill by Household Size

yellow house

It makes sense that the larger your household, the larger your electricity bill. More people in a house usually means:

  • A bigger house with more rooms (more spaces to heat and cool)
  • More devices are connected and plugged in at any one time
  • More hot water used (if you have an electric water heater)
  • More people in different rooms with the lights on
  • More cooking, more opening of the refrigerator, etc..

Canstar Blue did a study to compare the average electricity bill by household size, across all states in Australia. They found that while adding another person to your household increases your electricity bill by about $320-$350 per year, the smallest increase happened between a two-person household and a three-person household where average annual electricity bills only increased by $60.

Average electricity bill by household size
Household size Average annual electricity bill Electricity cost per person
1-person household $902 $902 / person
2-person household $1,221 $610 / person
3-person household $1,281 $427 / person
4-person household $1,631 $408 / person
5-person household $1,983 $397 / person

Source: Canstar Blue Average Electricity Bill by Household Size Feb 2021

Average Electricity Bill for One Person Australia

As we have seen in the table above, the average electricity bill for one person in Australia works out to be $902 per year. As the Electricity bill is not shared with anyone else, the average per person works out to be $902 / person.

Average Electricity Bill for 2 Person Household

As we have seen in the table above, the average electricity bill for a 2 person household in Australia works out to be $1,221 per year.​​​​​​​ As the Electricity bill is split between 2 people, the average cost per person works out to be $610/ person.

Average Electricity Prices in Australia 2021

Knowing the average cost of electricity in Australia per kWh can be a help when comparing and switching electricity providers. Average electricity usage rates are highest in South Australia, while lowest in South-East Queensland and Victoria.

Average cost of electricity per kWh by state 2021
State Average electricity usage rates per kWh
South-East Queensland 22.3c / kWh
New South Wales 25.7c / kWh
Victoria 20.6c / kWh
South Australia 33.8c / kWh

Source: Calculated average usage rates between leading electricity retailers within the NEM: AGL, Origin, EnergyAustralia, Red Energy, Alinta Energy, and Simply Energy. Updated April 2021

Your daily supply charge is how much your energy provider charges you to supply energy to your property. This is a fixed daily amount, in c/day, that is not affected by how much energy you use and applies to both electricity and gas supply. If you live in the National Electricity Market (Victoria, New South Wales, South East Queensland, and South Australia), your energy provider is free to set their own daily supply charge.

Average daily supply rate (electricity) by state
State Average daily supply rate
New South Wales 81.9c / day
South Australia 92.4c / day
Queensland 99.5c / day
Victoria 108.3c / day

Supply charges based on average rates for the six biggest energy providers in Australia: Origin Energy, AGL, EnergyAustralia, Click Energy, Red Energy, and Alinta Energy. Rates vary depending on location.

Average Gas Prices in Australia 2021

Average gas bills in Australia vary widely, depending on several factors. What you use gas for (hot water, pool heating, total-home heating, and cooking for example), the size of your home, and how many people live there can all drive up your household's average gas bills. As shown below, Western Australians enjoy some of the lowest gas costs per quarter, while those in South Australia and the ACT have some of the highest gas bills.

Average quarterly gas bill by state
State Average quarterly gas costs
Western Australia $108 / quarter
Queensland $172 / quarter
New South Wales $184 / quarter
South Australia $223 / quarter
Victoria $186 / quarter
ACT $295 / quarter

Source: Canstar Blue Average Gas Bill by State Feb 2021

Average Gas Cost Per MJ in Australia

Below is the estimated average gas rates for each state within the National Electricity Market, based on the average natural gas rates (in cents per MJ) for the top six energy companies in the market. Your actual natural gas rates will vary depending on your location and provider.

Average cost of natural gas per MJ by state 2021
State Average electricity usage rates per MJ
South-East Queensland 4.4c / MJ
New South Wales 2.4c / MJ
Victoria 2.4c / MJ
South Australia 3.5c / MJ

Source: Calculated average usage rates between leading gas retailers within the NEM: AGL, Origin, EnergyAustralia, Red Energy, Alinta Energy, and Simply Energy. Updated April 2021

Average Gas Daily Supply Charge

Like electricity, your natural gas bill is divided into two charges, your daily supply charge and usage rates. Below is the average daily supply charge by state, in cents per day for a natural gas connection. Your actual daily supply charge will vary depending on location and provider.

Average daily supply rate (gas) by state
State Average gas daily supply rate
New South Wales 59.8c / day
South Australia 75.9c / day
Queensland 75.7c / day
Victoria 72.8c / day

Supply charges based on average gas rates for the six biggest energy providers in Australia: Origin Energy, AGL, EnergyAustralia, Click Energy, Red Energy, and Alinta Energy. Rates vary depending on location. Updated April 2021

Energy Cill Calculation and Consumption Creakdown

Energy bills are divided into two costs: your daily supply charge, and your usage rates. If you live in a deregulated part of the country, your energy provider is the one to set these charges.

 Daily supply charge: A daily amount, in c/day, that is the cost to supply energy to your home. This is a fixed amount that doesn’t change, regardless of how much energy you use. This cost may be called a fixed charge, daily supply charge, or service charge. Daily supply charges range from 80c/day to over 120c/day.

 Usage rates: This is the amount you pay for the actual energy you use. For electricity, this is shown as c/kWh, while for natural gas it is shown as either c/mJ or c/Unit (depending on where you live).

Usage rates and daily supply charges can be fixed or variable. If your energy plan is on a fixed rate, your usage rates and supply charges won’t change during the benefit period (usually 12 months). However, if your energy plan is variable rate, your energy provider is free to change your usage rates and supply charges when they want, with written notice to you.

Energy usage breakdown: Where is my energy going?

Gas bill

According to the SA Gov website, the average Australian home used almost 40% of their household’s energy consumption for heating and cooling. This includes both electric and gas heating, as well as air conditioning. In total, the average Australian household’s energy breakdown includes:

Ways to Reduce your Energy Bills

 

Now that you are able to compare your average electricity and gas bill compared to other residential households in Australia, you might be wondering how you can reduce your energy consumption and save money off your next energy bills.

Thankfully there are a lot of ways to reduce your energy bills, from small changes you can make today, to bigger, total-home renovations that will save you more in the long run.

 

 Unplug: Appliances such as hair dryers, fully-charged phones or computers, appliances with continuous displays, and home entertainment systems can still drain energy from your home even when you’re not using them. These “energy vampires” might only use a small amount of electricity at one time but multiple devices and appliances, over the course of a year, can cost you lots. Unplug devices and appliances you’re not using, and start saving more immediately

 Adjust the temperature: Keep your thermostat at 25 or 26 degrees in the summer, and 18 to 20 in the winter, to keep your energy bills low. Every additional degree of heating or cooling can add an additional 10% of your running costs to your electricity or gas bill.

 Use cold water: Changing your laundry habits to use more cold water, and less hot water, can reduce your average energy bill. Most day-to-day laundry doesn’t need hot water to get washed and clean, and if you hang-dry your clothes, rather than use an electric dryer, you’ll save even more.

 Insulate: Making sure your home is properly insulated to keep the cool air inside during the summer, and outside during the winter, can reduce your energy usage. Add draft stoppers to any door and window edges, as well as insulated curtains, or even hire a technician to come and add insulation to your home.

 Go energy-efficient: Switching your appliances and light bulbs to energy-efficient options can help reduce your average electricity bill drastically. Look for “eco” or “star-rated” appliances, and LED bulbs, to keep your home energy efficient.

 Switch: Shopping around for a new energy provider is a great way to reduce your electricity and gas bills. Selectra can help you find the best energy provider, no matter what you’re looking for, so you can switch providers today and save money tomorrow.

There are tons of things you can do, from small, everyday changes to drastic total-home improvements, which can help you reduce your energy consumption, and bills, and become below average (at least where electricity and gas costs are concerned).

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